marking territory meaning

Understand to mark one's territory meaning … Examples from the Corpus territory • Often it makes sense to divide a territory into segments radiating outwards, with the salesperson's home being at the centre. (noun) A snake with colorful markings. If this does not happen, the territory may be defended by actual fighting, although this is generally a last resort. Territory definition is - a geographic area belonging to or under the jurisdiction of a governmental authority. Feldhamer, G.A., Thompson, B.C. An area of land; a region. Rather than retaining a territory simply by fighting, for some animals this can be a 3-stage process. These contrasting strategies depend on which intruder (familiar or unfamiliar) poses the greatest threat to the resident territory-holder.[36]. [11][12] The animal sniffing the scent frequently displays a flehmen response to assist in detecting the mark. Watch Queue Queue. [5], Mating opportunities: The striped mouse (Rhabdomys pumilio) is group living with one single breeding male and up to 4 communally breeding females per group. Scent marking is often performed by scent rubbing in many mammals. Territoriality emerges where there is a focused resource that provides enough for the individual or group, within a boundary that is small enough to be defended without the expenditure of excessive effort. This hypothesis, named the deception hypothesis, claims that males have territories at distances sufficiently great that females are unable to discern already-mated males. They have evolved specialized intestinal anatomy to produce cubical feces to ensure the feces do not roll away.[22]. [19] Males and female ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta) scent-mark both vertical and horizontal surfaces at the overlaps in their home ranges using their anogenital scent glands. Learn more. Adventures are better with dogs, dogs are better with adventures. Directive 98/79/EC stipulates in Article 4 that the Member States shall not create any obstacle to, La directive 98/79/CE stipule à l'article 4 que les. The affixing on machinery of markings, signs and inscriptions which are likely to mislead third parties as to the meaning and/or form of the CE marking shall be prohibited. Some species of squirrels may claim as much as 10 hectares (25 acres) of territory. Although most territories contain multiple (potential) resources, some territories are defended for only one purpose. Territories may be held by an individual, a mated or unmated pair, or a group. Males in this species of bee show alternative behaviours of territoriality and transiency. You may also formally mark your territory with your name or a representative symbol such as a club's emblem or your initials. Change your default dictionary to American English. Ce résultat ne correspond pas à ma recherche. B. In urban areas, territories can be as small as 5 hectares (12 acres), if they can obtain enough food from bird tables, food waste or artificial feeding in suburban gardens. Sign-posts may communicate information by olfactory, auditory, or visual means, or a combination of these. Such defense frequently involves a graded series of behaviours or displays that include threatening gestures (such as vocalizations, spreading of wings or gill covers, lifting and presentation of claws, head bobbing, tail and body beating) and finally, direct attack. monitoring of territory affected by mines and ERW. [2] Reports of territory size can be confused by a lack of distinction between home range and the defended territory. The responses of territorial male variegated pupfish, Cyprinodon variegatus, to neighbours, strangers and heterospecifics", "When to be a dear enemy: flexible acoustic relationships of neighbouring skylarks, Alauda arvensis",, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2017, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia introduction cleanup from November 2016, Articles covered by WikiProject Wikify from November 2016, All articles covered by WikiProject Wikify, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2012, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Type A: An 'all-purpose territory' in which all activities occur, e.g. European blackbirds may defend feeding territories that are distant from their nest sites, and in some species that form leks, for example in the Uganda kob (a grazing antelope) and the marine iguana, males defend the lek site which is used only for mating. Conf. The owl limpet (Lottia gigantea) is a large (up to 8 cm in length) limpet. The male ring-tailed lemur has a specialised adaptation to assist in leaving visual/olfactory territorial marks. When on the ground, ring-tailed lemurs preferentially mark small saplings and when high in the trees, they usually mark small vertical branches. For European badgers, a home range may be as small as 30 hectares (74 acres) in a good rural habitat, but as large as 300 hectares (740 acres) in a poor habitat. [6], The time to develop territories varies between animals. Type D: A pairing and mating territory. Using a molecular parentage analysis it has been shown that 28% of offspring are sired by neighbouring males and only 7% by strangers. Utilisez DeepL Traducteur pour traduire instantanément textes et documents. Black bear mark trees in the Smoky Mountains. Commonly the resulting superimposition of the short-range repulsion onto the long-range attraction characteristically leads to the well-known roughly hexagonal spacing of nests. Territory definition: Territory is land which is controlled by a particular country or ruler . était conforme, mais le plan d'action qu'elle a soumis. c. A political subdivision of a country. The explorers set off to conquer new territories. “We’ve been here,” it says. TBC. The male establishes a territory and attracts a female. Les États membres devraient aussi avoir la. Other animals may use more long-term visual signals such as faecal deposits, or marks on the vegetation or ground. After leaving a urination mark, some animals scrape or dig the ground nearby, thereby leaving a visual advertisement of the territory. The alpha female usually urinates on a scent post that her breeding partner has just urinated on, although during the mating season, the female may first urinate on the ground. Rhinoceros have poor vision but may use visual marking. [21], Wombats use feces to mark their territory. Such a dung heap can become up to five metres wide and one metre high. development of closer ties with that community. and Pelton, M.R., ( ). The ultimate function of animals inhabiting and defending a territory is to increase the individual fitness or inclusive fitness of the animals expressing the behaviour. Reduced aggression consistent with the dear enemy effect occurs between conspecific neighbours in the absence of females, but the presence of a female in a male's territory instigates comparably greater aggression between the neighbours. Au nom de mes collègues du Bloc québécois et en mon nom, j'invite mes concitoyens. De très nombreux exemples de phrases traduites contenant "marking" – Dictionnaire français-anglais et moteur de recherche de traductions françaises. ElizaPam. The home ranges of different groups of animals often overlap, or in the overlap areas, the groups tend to avoid each other rather than seeking to expel each other. In this model of aggression, two contestants compete for a resource by persisting while constantly accumulating costs over the time that the contest lasts. [26] After defecating, greater one-horned rhinos scratch their hind feet in the dung. This is sometimes combined with rubbing on the tree which may leave tufts of fur. Sometimes these sign-posts are on the boundary thereby demarcating the territory, or, may be scattered throughout the territory. More commonly, an individual or a group of animals has an area that it habitually uses but does not necessarily defend; this is called the home range. Marking their territory lets other dogs know that they are present. d. A geographic region, such as a colonial possession, that is dependent on an external government: the territories of the Holy Roman Empire. This posture is exclusive to alpha wolves of either sex, although the alpha male does this most often. This is necessary to prevent attacks on their own chicks or nesting material from neighbours. May be equivalent (in terms of location) to the Type A territory, or for a migratory species, may be on the wintering grounds. device, the marking of a part of the animal's anatomy, or the implantation of microchip transponders, this shall be undertaken with due regard to humane care, well-being and natural behaviour of the specimen concerned. l'intermédiaire de l'entreprise d'investissement durant une période proportionnée et dissuasive. present. peuvent mieux assurer leur survie et trouver les deux tonnes de viande par an dont ils ont besoin. Several species scratch or chew trees leaving a visual mark of their territory. [5], Territories can be linear. [32] Wolves from different geographic locations may howl in different fashions: the howls of European wolves are much more protracted and melodious than those of North American wolves, whose howls are louder and have a stronger emphasis on the first syllable.[33]. Strategically, the game is an auction in which the prize goes to the player with the highest bid, and each player pays the loser's low bid. Many animals create "sign-posts" to advertise their territory. For example, red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) either establish stable home ranges within particular areas or are itinerant with no fixed abode. ries 1. a. The anthropological concept branches from the observations of animal ownership behaviors. harvnb error: no target: CITEREFMacdonald1987 (. 64.0%. Territoriality is often most strong towards conspecifics, as shown in the case of redlip blenny. Dogs use their urine (and sometimes feces) to mark areas they consider to be theirs. The ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta) advertises its territory with urine scent marks. In ethology, territory is the sociographical area that an animal of a particular species consistently defends against conspecifics (or, occasionally, animals of other species). These include the Canada lynx (Lynx canadensis)[27] and the American black bear (Ursus americanus). Animals use a range of behaviours to intimidate intruders and defend their territories, but without engaging in fights which are expensive in terms of energy and the risk of injury. Swifts rarely defend an area larger than the nest. Food related territoriality is least likely with insectivorous birds, where the food supply is plentiful but unpredictably distributed. Male European robins are noted for their highly aggressive territorial behaviour. In the European pied flycatcher (Ficedula hypoleuca), researchers assert that males exhibit polyterritoriality to deceive females of the species into entering into polygynous relationships. Chinese/German etc territory The Russians handed over to Poland a large slice of German territory. Another method of visually marking their territory is wiping their horns on bushes or the ground and scraping with the feet, although this is likely combined with the smell of the marking animal. Synonyms of the month. Sometimes these sign-posts are on the boundary thereby demarcating the territory, or, may be scattered throughout the territory. Often, the scent contains pheromones or carrier proteins such as the major urinary proteins to stabilize the odours and maintain them for longer. 32. territory in a sentence 1. Among birds, territories have been classified as six types.[1]. Traductions en contexte de "marking her territory" en anglais-français avec Reverso Context : What if lucas' lindsey gave you a lucky bamboo because she was marking her territory with you, too? [20], European wildcats (Felis silvestris) deposit their faecal marks on plants with high visual conspicuousness that enhances the visual effectiveness of the signal.[30]. du 22 mai 2001 fixant les règles pour la prévention, le contrôle et l'éradication de certaines encéphalopathies spongiformes transmissibles (2 ). Short-term communication includes the colouration or behaviour of the animal, which can only be communicated when the resident is present. This video is unavailable. No . Some animals use a strategy termed the dear enemy effect in which two neighbouring territorial animals become less aggressive toward one another once territorial borders are well-established and they are familiar to each other, but aggression toward unfamiliar animals remains unaffected. Territory definition: Territory is land which is controlled by a particular country or ruler . Apollo astronauts left an American flag on the moon. Type F: Winter territory which typically includes foraging areas and roost sites. [37] This is because the conspecifics share exactly the same set of resources. The size is usually a compromise of resource needs, defense costs, predation pressure and reproductive needs. surprise. and Chapman, J.A., (2003). An animal chooses its territory by deciding what part of its home range it will defend. If you are a dog parent, you may be familiar with the term “marking.” Marking is a very common behaviour in dogs as it is used as a way to communicate. It’s really important to get to the root cause, as territorial marking is not only nasty and unhygienic, but can also trigger fights with dogs sharing the same house. Most Helpful Opinion(mho) Rate. largesse. These communicate to other animals that the territory is occupied and may also communicate additional information such as the sex, reproductive status or dominance status of the territory-holder. She seems to regard that end of the office as her territory. Group-living male breeders are nearly five times more aggressive towards their neighbours than towards strangers, leading to the prediction that neighbours are the most important competitors for paternity. Under certain conditions, wolf howls can be heard over areas of up to 130 km2 (50 sq mi). The desert grass spider, Agelenopsis aperta, often engages in fights over its territory and the most combative spiders have the largest territories. Walther, F. R., E. C. Mungall, G. A. Grau. ; Two Oceans. Discover . Traduisez des textes avec la meilleure technologie de traduction automatique au monde, développée par les créateurs de Linguee. These communicate to other animals that the territory is occupied and may also communicate additional information such as the sex, reproductive status or dominancestatus of the territory-holder. Common in colonial waterbirds. nØcessite la fixation d'une Øtiquette, d'un ruban. "Ornithology: territoriality and coloniality", "Territory size in wintering Sanderlings: the effects of prey abundance and intruder density", A reassessment of the function of scent marking in territories,, "Proteins in urine scent marks of male house mice extend the longevity of olfactory signals", "Scientist figures out how wombats poop cubes | CBC Radio", "Urine marking and urination in Lemur catta: a comparison of design features", "A test for correlations among fitness-linked behavioural traits in the spider Agelenopsis aperta (Araneae, Agelenidae)", "The nasty neighbour in the striped mouse (Rhabdomys pumilio) steals paternity and elicits aggression", "When are neighbours 'dear enemies' and when are they not? | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Resource availability may cause changes in territoriality, for example, some nectarivores defend territories only during the mornings when plants are richest in nectar. Marking Territory, Signs, Signals, Methods. courtship, mating, nesting and foraging. La traduction est fausse ou de mauvaise qualité. An example of territory is a subject on which you have a lot of knowledge. The flag is a symbol of accomplishment, exploration, discovery, dominance, and a declaration of territorial control. Why Dogs Mark Their Territory. Guys do you eat salads? This is the British English definition of territory.View American English definition of territory. They attack other males that stray into their territories, and have been observed attacking other small birds without apparent provocation. Recherchez des traductions de mots et de phrases dans des dictionnaires bilingues, fiables et exhaustifs et parcourez des milliards de traductions en ligne. satisfactory and as a result we have taken Ireland to court. Cet exemple ne correspond à la traduction ci-dessus. very. Another strategy used in territory defence is the war of attrition. On behalf of myself and my colleagues from the. Pub. Several other type of resource may be defended including partners, potential mates, offspring, nests or lairs, display areas or leks. package. In territory defence by groups of animals, reciprocal altruism can operate whereby the cost to the benefactor in helping defend the territory is less than the gains to the beneficiary. d'une bague ou de tout autre dispositif, le marquage d'une partie de l'anatomie de l'animal ou l'implantation de transpondeurs à micropuce, il s'effectue avec tous les soins requis, par Øgard au bien-Œtre et au comportement naturel des spØcimens concernØs. Several types of resource in a territory may be defended. the term "university qualification" shall denote any degree, diploma or, le terme «qualification universitaire» désigne tout grade, diplôme ou certificat, Les graffitis sont souvent utilisés comme. It lives in association with an approximately 1,000 cm^2 area of algal film in which its grazing marks can be seen, whereas the remainder of the rock surface is usually free of any visible film. What does marking mean? The land and waters under the jurisdiction of a government. This is ritualized aggression. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. Many animals use vocalisations to advertise their territory. For some animals, the reason for such protective behaviour is to acquire and protect food sources, nesting sites, mating areas, or to attract a mate. The observation that males travelled long distances, ranging from 200m to 3.5 km, to find a second mate supports this argument. ... Blackbirds will defend their territory against intruders. De très nombreux exemples de phrases traduites contenant "marking the territory" – Dictionnaire français-anglais et moteur de recherche de traductions françaises. Animals usually defend their territory vigorously against intruders, especially of the same species, but the defense often takes the … token. Requête la plus fréquente dans le dictionnaire français : Proposer comme traduction pour "marking the territory". The marine iguana (Amblyrhynchus cristatus) is a lekking reptile. We have some simple tips you can follow to help avoid this from happening in your home! On their inner forearm (antebrachial) is a scent gland which is covered by a spur. [45], Some species of bees also exhibit territoriality to defend mating sites. NEW. Territoriality is only shown by a minority of species. treat. des navires de pêche et de leurs engins devraient également s'appliquer. [20], In the Eastern carpenter bee, Xylocopa virginica, both sexes have glands that evolved for marking the nest. 26.2%. All other females in the pack, and also young wolves and low-ranking male wolves, urinate while squatting. Struik, 2010. Territorial boundaries may be marked by sounds such as bird song, or scents such as pheromones secreted by the skin glands of many mammals. [46] Similar behaviour is also observed in the Eulaema meriana orchid bee. to mark one's territory synonyms and antonyms in the English synonyms dictionary, see also 'mar',marked',market',markedly', definition. Provisions laid down by law, regulation or administrative action designed to ensure the protection of the health of workers and the general publi, Les dispositions législatives, réglementaires et administratives destinées à assurer, sur le territoire des nouveaux États membres, la protection sanitaire des populations et des travailleurs con. In a behaviour called "spur marking", they grasp the substrate, usually a small sapling, and drag the spur over it, cutting into the wood and spreading the gland's secretions. As a species we have found that we need to leave a mark to show where we’ve been. Wolves advertise their territories to other packs through a combination of scent marking and howling. Examples of animals which use auditory signals include birds, frogs and canids. Password-protected games are highlighted in red on the, Les parties avec mot de passe sont affichées en. Males start to establish small display territories two months ahead of the mating season.[7]. The size and shape of a territory can vary according to its purpose, season, the amount and quality of resources it contains, or the geography. Bear Res. [citation needed], Territorial scent marking may involve behaviours specific to this activity. "This room belongs to..." is a … On average, a territory may be approximately 50 hectares (120 acres), with main setts normally at least 500 metres (1,600 ft) apart. Territoriality is a term associated with nonverbal communication that refers to how people use space ( territory) to communicate ownership or occupancy of areas and possessions. the European Cohesion Policy since the accession of Spain to the EU in 1986. ont largement bénéficié de la politique de cohésion européenne depuis l'adhésion de l'Espagne à l'Union en 1986. the attachment of a tag, band, ring or other. [35] The converse of this is the nasty neighbour effect in which a territory-holder shows heightened aggression toward neighbouring territory-holders but unaffected aggression to unfamiliar animals or distant territory-holders. Scent marking, also known as territorial marking or spraying when this involves urination, is a behaviour used by animals to identify their territory. 28.0%. Another word for marking. Other males may deposit dung over the piles of another and subsequently the sign-post grows larger and larger. [4], In birds, golden eagles (Aquila chrysaetos) have territories of 9,000 hectares (22,000 acres), least flycatchers' (Empidonax minimus) territories are about 600 square metres (6,500 sq ft) and gulls have territories of only a few square centimetres in the immediate vicinity of the nest. territory is a plot of land controlled by a specific person, animal or country, or where a person has knowledge, rights or responsibilities. ‘The Nunavut territory and Nunavut the land claims agreement are now living legal entities, and at least one of them, the land claims agreement, is protected by the constitution.’ ‘The Cree complaints echo those of an alliance of Manitoba First Nations, which also say the inclusion of their lands in the new territory was done without their consent.’ The area of a field defended by a specified team. It also appeared that they gave up territories to new males without violence. [40], Some species of penguin defend their nests from intruders trying to steal the pebbles from which the nest is constructed. Find more ways to say marking, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. The first game theory model of fighting is known as the hawk-dove game. Sanderlings (Calidris alba) forage on beaches and sandflats. Watch Queue Queue [39] They vigorously defend their gardens of particular species of algae, that extend for perhaps 1–2 cm around the periphery of their shells. A. When people notice that their dog has been marking around the house, it is not usually done out of spite, but out of insecurity. Too great a proportion of individual tuition is yet another, Une part trop grande d'enseignement individuel constitue de nouveau une. To do this, they perform a handstand to mark vertical surfaces, grasping the highest point with their feet while applying the scent. The proximate functions of territory defense vary. device, or the marking of a part of the animal's anatomy, or the implantation of microchip transponders, this shall be undertaken with due regard to humane care, well-being and natural behaviour of the specimen concerned. The oil company's looking for territory to explore. Territoriality is not always a fixed behavioural characteristic of a species. des avertissements, des actions de sensibilisation aux risques, le marquage, l'installation de clôtures et la surveillance du territoire où se trouvent les mines et les restes explosifs de guerre. By continuing to walk, they “transport” their own smell around the paths, thus establishing a scent-marked trail. Urine also signifies the reproductive status of the dog and their ranking. males defend territories only against other males and females only against other females. When a wolf marks its territory, it lifts a hind leg and urinates on a scent post (usually an elevated position like a tree, rock, or bush). Thesaurus Trending Words. Yes . Find the perfect territory markings stock photo. Council of 22 May 2001 laying down rules for the prevention, control and eradication of certain transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (2 ). | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples How to use territory in a sentence. Territorial behaviour, in zoology, the methods by which an animal, or group of animals, protects its territory from incursions by others of its species. An area a wild animal consistently defends, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Burst, T.L. Within the home range there may be a core area that no other individual group uses, but, again, this is as a result of avoidance. Fitness in this biological sense relates to the ability of an animal to survive and raise young. Groups typically contain several philopatric adult sons (and daughters) that are believed not to breed in their natal group and all group members participate in territorial defence. répondant aux exigences énoncées dans la directive. turn down. Ex : garçon - nm > On dira " le garçon" ou " un garçon". They should also distrust anyone who claims to do so, both those who assert its utopian benefits and those, Ils ne devraient accorder aucun crédit à ceux qui prétendent avoir, ces avantages utopiques qu'à leurs pourfendeurs. These areas of algal film represent the territories of the Lottia; within them the animals do all their grazing. See more. [44], In the Skylark (Alauda arvensis), playbacks of neighbour and stranger songs at three periods of the breeding season show that neighbours are dear enemies in the middle of the season, when territories are stable, but not at the beginning of the breeding season, during settlement and pair formation, nor at the end, when bird density increases due to the presence of young birds becoming independent. [25] The dung is laid in well defined piles. This includes domestic dogs. d'une bague ou de tout autre dispositif, le marquage d'une partie de l'anatomie de l'animal ou l'implantation de transpondeurs à micropuce, il s'effectue avec tous les soins requis, par égard au bien-être et au comportement naturel des spécimens concernés. snowflake. Il est interdit d'ap po ser s ur les ma chine s des marquages, signes ou inscriptions de nature à induire en erreur les tiers sur la signification et/ou l e graph ism e d u marquage « CE» .

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