corinthian war who fought

The Athenians responded with an ambush of their own; Chabrias, on his way to Cyprus, landed his troops on Aegina and laid an ambush for the Aeginetans and their Spartan allies, killing a number of them including Gorgopas. The immediate cause of the war was a local conflict in northwest Greece in which Thebes and Sparta intervened. The immediate cause of the war was a local conflict in northwest Greece in which both Thebes and Sparta intervened. The war was fought on two fronts, on land near Corinth (hence the name) and Thebes and at sea in the Aegean. The coalition army lost 2,800 men, while the Spartans and their allies lost only 1,100.[22]. [11] Timocrates visited Athens, Thebes, Corinth, and Argos, and succeeded in persuading powerful factions in each of those states to pursue an anti-Spartan policy. A sizable force was sent out from Sparta to challenge this force. Worried that Thrasybulus's accomplishments were being undermined, the Athenians sent Iphicrates to the region to confront Anaxibius. Name given by modern historians to the conflict of 395-387 BC fought between Sparta with allies and an alliance of Corinth, Athens, Boeotia, Argos, Euboea and the kingdom of Persia. The Corinthian War was an ancient Greek conflict lasting from 395 BC until 387 BC, pitting Sparta against a coalition of Thebes, Athens, Corinth and Argos, backed by the Achaemenid Empire. The Corinthian War was an ancient Greek conflict lasting from 395 BC until 387 BC, pitting Sparta against a coalition of four allied states; Thebes, Athens, Corinth, and Argos; which were initially backed by Persia. Noté /5. [27] The military occupation by these pro-Athenian forces led to several democratic revolutions and new alliances with Athens in the islands. [24] The Persians, meanwhile, had already assembled a joint Phoenician, Cilician, and Cypriot fleet, under the joint command of Achaemenid satrap Pharnabazus II and the experienced Athenian admiral Conon who was in self-exile and in the service of the Achaemenids after his infamous defeat at the Battle of Aegospotami. [13][8][14] The Thebans, who had previously demonstrated their antipathy towards Sparta, undertook to bring about a war. The Corinthian War was the product of a century of fighting between Greek city-states. He then sailed to Lesbos, where, with the support of the Mytileneans, he defeated the Spartan forces on the island and won over a number of cities. [27], After being convinced by Conon that allowing him to rebuild the Long Walls around Piraeus, the main port of Athens, would be a major blow to the Lacedaemonians, Pharnabazus eagerly gave Conon a fleet of 80 triremes and additional funds to accomplish this task. Athens against Sparta. By the middle of the 4th century, they had assembled an organization of Aegean states commonly known as the Second Athenian League, regaining at least parts of what they had lost with their defeat in 404 BC. The grand alliance was remarkable for combining traditional enemies in a united campaign against Spartan supremacy. These events are best described by Xenophon, at, "IGII2 6217 Epitaph of Dexileos, cavalryman killed in Corinthian war (394 BC)", 2,500 year celebration of the Persian Empire, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Corinthian_War&oldid=998457031, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Perlman, S. "The Causes and the Outbreak of the Corinthian War,", This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 13:25. Upon his arrival Conon erected a large part of the wall, giving his own crews for the work, paying the wages of carpenters and masons, and meeting whatever other expense was necessary. [6] Sparta's allies were further alienated when, in 402 BC, Sparta attacked and subdued Elis, a member of the Peloponnesian League that had angered the Spartans during the course of the Peloponnesian War. Amongst the most influential people in Sparta were Lysander, the adm… During the battle, Iphicrates took advantage of the Spartans' lack of peltasts to repeatedly harass the regiment with hit-and-run attacks, wearing the Spartans down until they broke and ran, at which point a number of them were slaughtered. Pyrrhic War. Those feelings, along with the straightforward hankering at all social levels for the benefits… Pages: 345. The passive opposition was declining to send soldiers to help Sparta on campaign and refusing to do as asked by Sparta. Taking advantage of this fact, Athens launched several naval campaigns in the later years of the war, recapturing a number of islands that had been part of the original Delian League during the 5th century BC. The Locrians appealed to Thebes for assistance, and the Thebans invaded Phocian territory; the Phocians, in turn, appealed to their ally, Sparta, and the Spartans, pleased to have a pretext to discipline the Thebans, ordered general mobilization. Using the quiz and worksheet, you can identify how much you know about the Corinthian War. The Oxyrhynchus Historian and the Origins of the Corinthian War 301 Spartans] treated the opposing [i. e. opposed to Androclidas and Ismenias] citizens as their friends. He then sailed home across the Gulf. Google Analytics. [4] After 8 years of fighting, the Corinthian war was at an end. [46], Alarmed by this Spartan naval resurgence, the Athenians sent out a fleet of 40 triremes under Thrasybulus. Charles Anthon, L.L.D. The war was fought on two fronts, on land most Corinth hence the cause and Thebes and at sea in the Aegean. For a time, the two forces merely raided each other's territory, but eventually Iphicrates succeeded in guessing where Anaxibius would bring his troops on a return march from a campaign against Antandrus, and ambushed the Spartan force. The Spartans soon drove off the Athenian fleet, but the Athenians continued their land assault. When Anaxibius and his men, who were strung out in the line of march, had entered the rough, mountainous terrain in which Iphicrates and his men were waiting, the Athenians emerged and ambushed them, killing Anaxibius and many others. Under Antalcidas' command, the Spartan fleet sailed east to Rhodes but it was eventually blockaded at Abydos by the regional Athenian commanders. Corinthian War (395 to 386 bc) in Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World ; Corinthian War (395 to 386 bc) in The Oxford Classical Dictionary (3 rev ed.) [37] He also campaigned against Phlius and Arcadia, decisively defeating the Phliasians and plundering the territory of the Arcadians when they refused to engage his troops. This category contains historical battles fought as part of the Corinthian War (395 BC–387 BC).Please see the category guidelines for more information. [36], At Corinth, the democratic party continued to hold the city proper, while the exiles and their Spartan supporters held Lechaeum, from where they raided the Corinthian countryside. [35] Thibron was later replaced by Diphridas, who raided more successfully, securing a number of small successes and even capturing Struthas's son-in-law, but never achieved any dramatic results. Corinthian War (395 BC–86 BC), armed conflict between Corinth, Argos, Thebes, and Athens on one side and Sparta on the other. [60], In the years following the signing of the peace, the two states responsible for its structure, Persia and Sparta, took full advantage of the gains they had made. In 398 BCE the anti-Spartan parties became more aggressive with Ismenias leading the way in Thebes. In 395 BC, after the end of the Peloponnesian War, Corinth and Thebes, ... Demosthenes recounts how Athens had fought the Spartans in a great battle near Corinth. [27] Their aim was probably to instigate a revolt of the Messanian helots against Sparta. For a time, he enjoyed a number of successes against Pharnabazus, and seized a number of Athenian merchant ships. It is said he wryly observed, but for ten thousand Persian "archers", he would have vanquished all Asia. In 431 BC, one of the factors leading to the Peloponnesian War was the dispute between Corinth and Athens over Corcyra, which probably stemmed from the traditional trade rivalry between the two cities. The deeper cause was hostility towards Sparta, provoked by that city's "expansionism in Asia Minor, central and northern Greece and even the west". "Agesilaus." The reassertion of Spartan hegemony over Greece by abandoning the Greeks of Aeolia, Ionia, and Caria has been called the "most disgraceful event in Greek history". The Spartans then dispatched their fleet from the Gulf of Corinth, under Teleutias, to assist. [42] The next year, the Acarnanians made peace with the Spartans to avoid further invasions. He attempted to force these into submission by ravaging the surrounding territory, but this proved fruitless, leading him to leave Conon in charge of winning over the cities in the Hellespont. Pharnabazus followed up his victory at Cnidus by capturing several Spartan-allied cities in Ionia, instigating pro-Athenian and pro-Democracy movements. There were some parts of the wall, however, which the Athenians themselves, as well as volunteers from Boeotia and from other states, aided in building. These two fleets met off the point of Cnidus in 394 BC. The course of this war was defined by four major battles as will be explained by this article. The Corinthian War followed the Peloponnesian War 431–404 BC, in which Sparta had achieved hegemony over Athens and its allies. First Punic War. The forces met at the dry bed of the Nemea River, in Corinthian territory, where the Spartans won a decisive victory. [39] The border stones between Argos and Corinth were torn down, and the citizen bodies of the two cities were merged. Sparta, meanwhile, in its newly formalized position atop the Greek political system, took advantage of the autonomy clause of the peace to break up any coalition that it perceived as a threat. [27] This was the first time in 90 years, since the Greco-Persian Wars, that the Achaemenid fleet was going so far west. In a night attack, the Spartans and exiles succeeded in seizing Lechaeum, Corinth's port on the Gulf of Corinth, and defeated the army that came out to challenge them the next day. Angered by Sparta's tyrannical overlordship in Greece after the Peloponnesian War, several Greek states took advantage of Sparta's involvement in war with Persia to challenge Spartan supremacy. Corinthian War. It was fought in ancient Greece and involved the city states if Argos, Corinth, Athens, Thebes and Sparta.The undercurrent cause of the Corinthian war was a combination of the Spartan interference in Boeotian affairs. The Corinthian War followed the Peloponnesian War (431–404 BC), in which Sparta had achieved hegemony over Athens and its allies. Rome against Carthage. 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