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As of 2018[update], the country had a population of approximately 6.42 million, making it the smallest and second-least populated country in Central America. "[88], Subsequent policies under Funes administrations improved El Salvador to foreign investment, and the World Bank in 2014 rated El Salvador 109, a little better than Belize (118) and Nicaragua (119) in the World Bank's annual "Ease of doing business" index. The majority of Salvadorans of Spanish descent possess Mediterranean features: olive skin and dark hair and eyes (black or dark brown). "Culture of El Salvador – traditional, history, Salvadoran American Humanitarian Foundation (SAHF), Fundacion Salvadoreña Para la Salud y el Desarollo Humano (FUSAL), Key Development Forecasts for El Salvador, World Bank Summary Trade Statistics El Salvador,, Spanish-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 1821, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from December 2020, Articles lacking reliable references from May 2020, Articles needing additional references from September 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2004, Articles containing potentially dated statements from March 2012, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. After serving his term, he remained active in the Army of El Salvador and was killed 11 July 1906, at El Jicaro during a war against Guatemala. On 15 March 2009, Mauricio Funes, a television figure, became the first president from the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN) party. The level of access to water supply and sanitation has been increased significantly. The revolt was probably caused by the army's discontent at not having been paid by President Araujo for some months. The country also has an independent judiciary and Supreme Court. (1 November may be commemorated as well. Celebration dedicated to the Children of the country, celebrated across the country. It was estimated that 1,394,000 international tourists visited El Salvador in 2014.Tourism contributed US$2970.1 million to El Salvador's GDP in 2019. The Largest Collections Of Elsalvador Baby Names - Angelsname As of September 2007, net international reserves stood at $2.42 billion. [31] They called their territory Kuskatan, a Nawat word[32] meaning "The Place of Precious Jewels," back-formed into Classical Nahuatl Cōzcatlān, and Hispanicized as Cuzcatlán. In the past, the country produced gold and silver,[80] but recent attempts to reopen the mining sector, which were expected to add hundreds of millions of dollars to the local economy, collapsed after President Saca shut down the operations of Pacific Rim Mining Corporation. Another word for Opposite of Meaning of Rhymes with Sentences with Find word forms Translate from English Translate to English Words With Friends Scrabble Crossword / Codeword Words starting with Words ending with Words containing exactly Words containing letters Pronounce Find conjugations Find names 'Province of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Saviour of the World'), shortened to the Republic of El Salvador, or Salvador, during the post-Federal Republic period and subsequently settled on as El Salvador.[25]. San Salvador is its capital and largest city. However, this income was restricted to only 2% of the population, exacerbating a divide between a small but powerful land-owning elite and an impoverished majority. The Legislative Branch, called El Salvador's Legislative Assembly (unicameral), consisting of 84 deputies. After the capture of the movement leaders, the insurrection erupted in a disorganized and mob-controlled fashion, resulting in government repression that was later referred to as La Matanza (The Massacre), because tens of thousands of citizens died in the ensuing chaos on the orders of President Martinez. 0.23% of the population report as fully indigenous. Traditional instruments used are the marimba, tepehuaste, flutes, drums, scrapers and gourds, as well as guitars among others. Because of its geographic size and urbanization there are not many nature-themed tourist destinations such as ecotours or archaeological sites open to the public. Also, the local propensity for consumption over investment has increased. Another word for Opposite of Meaning of Rhymes with Sentences with Find word forms Translate from English Translate to English Words With Friends Scrabble Crossword / Codeword Words starting with Words ending with Words containing exactly Words containing letters Pronounce Find conjugations Find names el doctor, la doctora). The winner of the 2014 presidential election, Salvador Sánchez Cerén belongs to the FMLN party. Linguee. It actively participates in the Central American Security Commission, which seeks to promote regional arms control. What is the literal meaning of el salvador ? Like other regions of Central and South America, Salvadoran use voseo. El Salvador is located in continental North America. Several non-governmental organizations are doing work to safeguard some of the country's most important forested areas. El Salvador has a multi-party system. Any counter-cyclical policy response to the downturn must be through fiscal policy, which is constrained by legislative requirements for a two-thirds majority to approve any international financing. The Spanish were then able to rebuild their garrison town of San Miguel in 1537. El Salvador has a democratic and representative government, whose three bodies are: The political framework of El Salvador is a presidential representative democratic republic with a multiform, multi-party system. Then the Spanish returned with more soldiers, including about 2,000 forced conscripts from indigenous communities in Guatemala. There were demonstrations in front of the National Palace from the first week of his administration. It means 'the saviour.' The country's membership in the DR-CAFTA, as well as its reinforced integration to the C4 countries (producers of cotton) should lead to an increase of FDI. Department names and capitals for the 14 Salvadoran Departments: El Salvador's economy has been hampered at times by natural disasters such as earthquakes and hurricanes, by government policies that mandate large economic subsidies, and by official corruption. Salvadorans who can afford the cost often choose to send their children to private schools, which are regarded as being better-quality than public schools. The country was ruled by a series of military governments from 1931 to 1979 and was embroiled in a civil war from 1980 to 1992. His government lasted only nine months before it was overthrown by junior military officers who accused his Labor Party of lacking political and governmental experience and of using its government offices inefficiently. There are also vegetarian options. Their influence remains recorded in the form of stone monuments and artefacts preserved in western El Salvador, as well as the national museum. a port in E Brazil, capital of Bahia state: founded in 1549 as capital of the Portuguese colony, which it remained until 1763; a … Uebersetzung von El Salvadors uebersetzen. Vorangegangen waren 300 Jahre als spanische Kolonie. Mestizo people comprise 86.3% of the total population. [97] Tourism directly supported 80,500 jobs in 2013. Meaning of el salvador. Er grenzt im Nordwesten an Guatemala, im Nordosten an Honduras und liegt am Pazifik. He was unable to influence the outcome of the insurrection. El Salvador (deutsche Aussprache [ɛl zalvaˈdoːɐ], spanische Aussprache [el salβaˈðoɾ]; spanisch der Erlöser, der Heiland) ist ein Staat in Zentralamerika. Only Cuenca survived; the other insurgents were killed by the government. It stretches 270 km (168 mi) from west-northwest to east-southeast and 142 km (88 mi) north to south, with a total area of 21,041 km2 (8,124 sq mi). The remaining coastal plains are referred to as the Pacific lowlands. (country in Central America) El Salvador n propio m nombre propio masculino: Nombre de persona, lugar, grupo, evento, objeto o idea, de género masculino (Alejandro, Colegio Monterroso, Real Madrid). Maras are hunted by death squads including Sombra Negra. The site stands out from most Central American Pleistocene deposits, being more ancient and much richer, which provides valuable information of the Great American Interchange, in which the Central American isthmus land bridge was paramount. Some adventurous restaurants even offer pupusas stuffed with shrimp or spinach. This represented 3.1% of total employment in El Salvador. Suggest as a translation of "El Salvador" Copy; DeepL Translator Linguee. [119][120] It is also considered an epicentre of a gang crisis, along with Guatemala and Honduras. A 5.7 Mw earthquake in 1986 resulted in 1,500 deaths, 10,000 injuries, and 100,000 people left homeless. Lempira fought in command of thousands of Lenca forces for six more years in Managuara until he was killed in battle. Conquered by Spain in 1524, the region gained its independence in 1821, joined (1825-1838) a federation of Central American states, and became a separate republic in 1839. paramilitary death squads of the fascist regime in El Salvador. In December 1931, a coup d'état was organized by junior officers and led by Martínez. Their qualification for the 1970 tournament was marred by the Football War, a war against Honduras, whose team El Salvador's had defeated. Definition of El Salvador in the Dictionary. "El Salvador" is a 1982 protest song about United States involvement in the Salvadoran Civil War, written by Noel Paul Stookey and performed by Peter, Paul and Mary. The 1983 constitution is the highest legal authority in the country. El Salvador ist das kleinste Land der Region, weist zugleich deren höchste Bevölkerungsdichte auf und liegt in einem Erdbebengebiet. The service sector is the largest component of GDP at 64.1%, followed by the industrial sector at 24.7% (2008 est.). When the republic dissolved in 1841, El Salvador became a sovereign nation, then formed a short-lived union with Honduras and Nicaragua called the Greater Republic of Central America, which lasted from 1895 to 1898.[14][15][16]. Universities in El Salvador include a central public institution, the Universidad de El Salvador, and many other specialized private universities. Other musical repertoire consists of danza, pasillo, marcha and cancione which are composed of parading bands, street performances, or onstage dances, either in groups or paired. Information and translations of el salvador in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. [116], Education in El Salvador is free through high school. On 16 January 1992, the government of El Salvador, represented by president Alfredo Cristiani, and the FMLN, represented by the commanders of the five guerrilla groups – Shafik Handal, Joaquín Villalobos, Salvador Sánchez Cerén, Francisco Jovel and Eduardo Sancho, all signed peace agreements brokered by the United Nations ending the 12-year civil war. The FMLN Party is leftist in ideology, and is split between the dominant Marxist-Leninist faction in the legislature, and the social liberal wing led by President Funes.However, the two-party dominance was broken after Nayib Bukele,a candidate from GANA won the 2019 Salvadoran presidential election. Nevertheless, El Salvador receives less FDI than other countries of Central America. [30] The Nahua Pipil were the last indigenous people to arrive in El Salvador. In 1811, a combination of internal and external factors motivated Central American elites to attempt to gain independence from the Spanish Crown. This sandwich is traditionally served with tomato and watercress along with cucumber, onion, lettuce, mayonnaise, and mustard. 1995, This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 22:56. Above the volcanoes is a red Phrygian cap on a staff before a golden sun and the date of 15 September, 1821, Independence Day of El Salvador. They pursued the Lenca leaders further up into the mountains of Intibucá. [99] However, water resources are seriously polluted and a large part of the wastewater discharged into the environment without any treatment. The conflict ended with the Chapultepec Peace Accords. [125], As of March 2012[update], El Salvador has seen a 40% drop in crime due to what the Salvadoran government called a gang truce; however, extortion affecting small businesses are not taken into account. In early 1822, the authorities of the newly independent Central American provinces, meeting in Guatemala City, voted to join the newly constituted First Mexican Empire under Agustín de Iturbide. Óscar Romero, the Roman Catholic Archbishop of San Salvador, denounced injustices and massacres committed against civilians by government forces. El Salvador resisted, insisting on autonomy for the Central American countries. Meaning of El Salvador. In the late 19th century coffee became a major cash crop for El Salvador, bringing in about 95% of the country's income. The rainy season extends from May to October; this time of year is referred to as invierno or winter. [128] In 2014, crime rose 56% in El Salvador, with the government attributing the rise to a break in the truce between the two major gangs in El Salvador, which began having turf wars. While Salvadoran education levels have gone up, wage expectations have risen faster than either skills or productivity. A new Civil Police was to be organized. As with other former colonies, El Salvador was considered a mono-export economy (an economy that depended heavily on one type of export) for many years. His vice president and minister of war was General Maximiliano Hernández Martínez. El Salvador's capital and largest city is San Salvador. [134] Other popular drinks in El Salvador include ensalada, a drink made of chopped fruit swimming in fruit juice, and Kolachampan, a sugar cane-flavoured carbonated beverage. Country in Central America, southwest of Honduras, on the Pacific: declared itself independent from Spain in 1821; became a fully independent republic in 1841: 8,124 sq mi (21,040 sq km); cap. The other nations had overriding self-interests, which made it impossible for them to support San Salvador's attempt to bring the invasion before the General Assembly. In 1524, after participating in the conquest of the Aztec Empire, Pedro de Alvarado, his brother Gonzalo, and their men crossed the Rio Paz southward into Cuzcatlec territory. The Executive Branch, headed by the President of the Republic, who is elected by direct vote and remains in office for five years with no re-election but he can be elected after sitting out one electoral period. See more. Almost all the annual rainfall occurs during this period; yearly totals, particularly on southern-facing mountain slopes, can be as high as 2170 mm. There are eight species of sea turtles in the world; six of them nest on the coasts of Central America, and four make their home on the Salvadoran coast: the leatherback turtle, the hawksbill, the green sea turtle, and the olive ridley. [96] El Salvador's rating compares relatively well with Panama (94 of 175) and Costa Rica (47 of 175). U.S. Embassy San Salvador, "El Salvador: 2009 Investment Statement," diplomatic cable, 15 January 2009, released by WikiLeaks, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Revolutionary Government Junta of El Salvador, Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front, treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Monseñor Óscar Arnulfo Romero International Airport, "CIA The World Factbook: People and Society – El Salavador", "International Religious Freedom Report for 2017: El Salvador", United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, "World Economic Outlook Database, October 2018", "Salvadoran Immigrants in the United States in 2008",, "The Rock Art of the Corinto Cave - El Salvador", "El Salvador Supreme Court disbands two parties", "Román Mayorga asume embajada en Venezuela", "Chronology of the Civil War in El Salvador", "The Political Economy of Death Squads: Toward a Theory of the Impact of State-Sanctioned Terror", "Report of the UN Truth Commission on El Salvador", "Notorious Salvadoran Battalion Is Disbanded : Military: U.S.-trained Atlacatl unit was famed for battle prowess but was also implicated in atrocities", "From Madness to Hope: The 12-Year War in El Salvador: Report of the Commission on the Truth for El Salvador", "Funes saca a luz corrupción en gobiernos de ARENA", "El Salvador builds resilience in the face of a stormy future", El Salvador builds resilience in the face of a stormy future, "Photo Essay: El Salvador, the Makings of a Gangland", "The San Salvador earthquake of 10 October 1986 and its historical context", "An Ecoregion-Based Approach to Protecting Half the Terrestrial Realm", "Anthropogenic modification of forests means only 40% of remaining forests have high ecosystem integrity - Supplementary Material", "Chapter XXVI: Disarmament – No. Comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the 1986 album no Easy Walk to Freedom defeat the.. 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